Video Production Glossary

Pre-production

  1. Script: The written narrative including dialogue and instructions for a video.
  2. Shot List: Detailed breakdown of every shot planned for filming.
  3. Location Scouting: The process of finding suitable places to shoot the video.
  4. Casting Call: The process of auditioning actors for various roles.
  5. Rehearsal: Practice sessions before the actual shooting begins.
  6. Production Brief: A document outlining the objectives, target audience, and specifications for a video project.
  7. Storyboard: A visual representation of the video’s narrative, shot by shot.
  8. Treatment: A detailed outline or description of the project, including its style and structure.
  9. Budgeting: Estimating and allocating financial resources for the project.
  10. Crew Assembly: Gathering the team of technicians and creatives who will work on the video.
Nicole Bando on set at The Jasper Picture company studio in Melbourne, Australia

Production

  1. Principal Photography: The phase in which the bulk of the filming is done.
  2. B-Roll: Secondary footage to provide context and support to the main narrative.
  3. Boom Mic: A microphone attached to a boom pole, used to capture audio.
  4. Clapperboard: A tool used to mark the beginning of a scene and assist in syncing audio and video in post-production.
  5. Dolly Shot: A shot where the camera is mounted on a wheeled apparatus to move smoothly with the action.
  6. Green Screen: A green backdrop that allows for digital backgrounds to be added in post-production.
  7. Close-up (CU): A shot framing the subject closely, often just the face or detail.
  8. Wide Shot (WS): A shot that captures the subject and their surroundings in full.
  9. Medium Shot (MS): A shot framing a subject from the waist up, balancing detail and context.
  10. Establishing Shot: A wide shot used at the beginning of a scene to establish setting and context.
Coles video production shoot in Melbourne. The Jasper Picture Company

Lighting and Sound

  1. Key Light: The primary source of light on a subject.
  2. Fill Light: Supplementary lights used to illuminate shadows caused by the key light.
  3. Backlight: Lighting placed behind the subject to create depth in the image.
  4. Ambient Sound: Background noises present in a scene’s location.
  5. Lavalier Mic: A small, clip-on microphone for capturing dialogue.
  6. Foley Sounds: Custom-made sound effects added in post-production to enhance audio realism.
  7. Gaffer: The chief electrician in charge of lighting on a film set.
  8. Boom Operator: The technician responsible for operating the boom microphone.
Video production shoot on location in Melbourne, The Jasper Picture Company.

Post-production

  1. Editing: The process of selecting, cutting, and assembling footage into the final product.
  2. Color Correction: Adjusting the colors of footage to ensure consistency and realism.
  3. Color Grading: The creative process of altering and enhancing the color of a motion picture.
  4. Compositing: Combining visual elements from separate sources into single images.
  5. Voiceover: A recorded narrative added to a video.
  6. Sound Mixing: Combining various audio tracks into a final soundtrack.
  7. Special Effects (SFX): Effects added in post-production to create visuals that cannot be achieved during filming.
  8. Visual Effects (VFX): The integration of live-action footage and generated imagery to create environments that look realistic.
  9. Exporting: Rendering out the final version of a video into a specific format.
  10. Aspect Ratio: The proportional relationship between a video’s width and height.
  11. Bit Rate: The amount of data processed in a given amount of time in a video, affecting quality and file size.
  12. Codec: A device or program that compresses data to enable faster transmission and decompresses received data.
A screen shot from a video production - The Jasper Picture Company

Technical Specifications

  1. 4K Resolution: Ultra-high-definition video resolution offering greater detail.
  2. Frame Rate: The frequency at which consecutive images called frames appear on a display.
  3. Depth of Field: The range of distance within a shot that appears acceptably sharp.
  4. Pan: Horizontal movement or rotation of a camera about a vertical axis.
  5. Tilt: Vertical up or down camera movement.
  6. Zoom: The effect of moving closer to or further away from the subject.
  7. Focal Length: The distance between the lens and the image sensor, determining the field of view.
  8. ISO: Camera sensitivity to light, affecting exposure.
  9. Aperture: The opening in a lens through which light passes, affecting depth of field and exposure.
  10. Shutter Speed: The amount of time the camera’s shutter is open, affecting motion blur and exposure.
Filming a conference for MCRI - Melbourne Video Production from The Jasper Picture Company

Video Production Camera Related

  1. White Balance: Adjusting the camera to compensate for the color temperature of different light sources.
  2. Dolly: A platform on wheels used to create smooth horizontal camera movements.
  3. Crane Shot: A shot taken by a camera on a moving crane or jib.
  4. Gimbal: A pivoted support that allows the rotation of an object on a single axis, used for stabilizing cameras.
  5. Post-Production: The phase of production occurring after filming or shooting, involving editing, visual effects, and sound design.
  6. Rendering: The process of generating the final video output from edited clips, effects, and transitions.
  7. Resolution: The number of pixels contained in each dimension of an image or video.
  8. Storyboard: A sequence of drawings representing the shots planned for a film or television production.
  9. Take: A single continuous recorded performance.
  10. Tracking Shot: A shot where the camera moves alongside the subject it’s recording.
Filming on location for the Royal CHildrens Hospital Foundation in Melbourne - The Jasper Picture Company Video Production

Cinematic Techniques

  1. Match Cut: A cut from one shot to another where the composition of the two shots are matched by the action or subject.
  2. Montage: A sequence of shots showing a condensed series of events.
  3. Cross Dissolve: A transition between two scenes where one fades out as the next fades in.
  4. J-Cut: Audio from the next scene begins before the visual transition.
  5. L-Cut: The audio from the current scene continues playing over the beginning of the next scene.
  6. High-Key Lighting: A lighting scheme in which the light is evenly distributed and shadows are minimal.
  7. Low-Key Lighting: A lighting scheme that produces stark light and dark contrasts.
  8. Diegetic Sound: Sound that originates from within a film’s world, such as characters speaking.
  9. Non-Diegetic Sound: Sound that does not originate from the film’s world, like background music or a narrator’s commentary.
  10. Foley: The reproduction of everyday sound effects that are added to film, video, and other media in post-production.
A cinematic screenshot from a shoot outside Melbourne - The Jasper Picture Company

Equipment and Tools

  1. Condenser Mic: A microphone that uses a capacitor to convert acoustic signals into electrical signals.
  2. LED Light: Light-emitting diode lights used in video production for their low heat emission and adjustability.
  3. Teleprompter: A device displaying scripted speech for subjects to read while looking directly at the camera.
  4. C-Stand: A versatile piece of equipment used in filmmaking and photography to hold light modifiers.
  5. Shotgun Mic: A highly directional microphone intended to capture sound from a focused area.
  6. Slider: A piece of equipment allowing smooth horizontal camera movements.
  7. Steadicam: A camera stabilization rig that isolates the camera from the operator’s movement.
  8. Tripod: A three-legged stand used to support a camera or other equipment.
  9. Video Monitor: An electronic visual display for monitoring video footage.
  10. Wireless Lavalier Mic: A small microphone that connects to the camera or recording device wirelessly.
A camera and teleprompter in the foreground of a video production bts shot for The Jasper Picture Company

Post-Production and Effects

  1. After Effects: A digital visual effects and motion graphics software by Adobe.
  2. Colorist: A professional specialising in grading footage to correct color and create visual moods.
  3. Compressor: A tool used in audio post-production to even out audio levels.
  4. Data Wrangling: The process of managing and processing digital data.
  5. De-noiser: Software or a tool used to reduce noise in video footage or audio tracks.
  6. Dubbing: The process of adding voice tracks in post-production.
  7. Final Cut Pro: A video editing software program.
  8. Premiere Pro: Adobe’s professional video editing software.
  9. Rotoscoping: An animation technique used to trace over motion picture footage, frame by frame.
  10. Timecode: A sequence of numeric codes generated at regular intervals by a timing synchronisation system.
Screen shot from a Melbourne video production for the jasper picture company

Miscellaneous

  1. Aspect Ratio: The width-to-height ratio of a film frame, television screen, or image.
  2. Clipping: Distortion that occurs when the signal level exceeds the maximum limit.
  3. Dailies: The raw, unedited footage from a day’s shooting.
  4. Distribution: The process of delivering the finished product to the audience.
  5. Log Footage: Video footage with a flat color profile, allowing for greater control in post-production color grading.
  6. Mood Board: A collection of images, materials, and pieces of text intended to evoke or project a particular style or concept.
  7. Recce: Short for reconnaissance, a pre-shoot visit to a location to assess its suitability for shooting.
  8. Royalty-Free: Licensing method allowing use of media without paying per use or per volume sold.
  9. Stock Footage: Pre-recorded video clips that can be used in new productions.
  10. Wrap: The completion of filming or recording for a project.

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